Ginkgo biloba is a fossilized tree with a history of use in traditional Chinese medicine. Basically, ginkgo leaves contain two main groups of compounds: flavonoids and terpenes (diterpenes and sesquiterpenes). These compounds are the basis for its therapeutic actions.
Ginkgo’s most powerful effect is on the circulating system. Ginkgo flavenoids directly dilates the micro-capillaries, which increases blood circulation. Ginkgo Biloba reduces capillary permeability and has notable anitoedematous and antivaricose effect, as well as eutrophic action on connective tissue, increasing the synthesis of collagen along the vessel walls. Ginkgo biloba is an anti-inflammatory vein tonic agent.
Studies carried out showed that ginkgo extracts were more effective than β-carotene and vitamin E to reduce UV-induced oxidative stress in epidermal cells It furthermore increases the creation of fibroblast, collagen and extracellular fibronectin.